The human feet are the most stressed and used part of the human body. Not only do they take the weight of the entire human body, they provide cushioning to the legs while running, walking and jumping. Feet not only take punishment on a regular basis but are often neglected. This lack of care results in heel pain, warts, peeling, scaling, and thickened & discolored toenails. Corns are thick circular patches of skin that can occur anywhere on the foot, but mostly on the sole. Corns erupt because of wearing ill-fitting shoes, lack of cushioning or if the person spends most of their day standing. Another simple analogy; picture of a tug of war where one side wins constantly, or a playground “see saw” with one side always heaver than the the other. Muscles on the flexion side of the Hammer toe (bottom side) being stronger than the extension side of the toe (top). This imbalance results in a constantly bent (flexed) toe. The top of the toe rises when flexed. To make matters worse the raised toe knuckle typically is in contact with the top, inside of the shoe experiencing constant pressure and irritation and resulting in another problem. With open toed sandals and flip flops making a huge comeback this season, many of us are working hard to keep our toes looking their best. Unfortunately, not even the most vibrant nail polish or the best pedicurist can mask unsightly hammer toes. Definition of Hammer Toes Narrow and Tight Shoes – perhaps the most common cause of hammer toes, especially in women, is wearing tight fitting shoes that force the muscles and tendons holding the toes to stay in a bent position causing it to lose its balance. Over time, the tendons of the toes will contract and remain as such with or without your shoes. Please concerned about the slope or tilt angle of high heels. The transition of the slope should fit your feet. Should be gradual over the steepness of the slope, the curvature of the arch to be consistent with the high heels of the arch for arch wear high heels high heels can cause foot pain reduction.Wearing open-toed high heels to reduce pressure stimulation and void corns and calluses. You need to see a doctor if corns and calluses grown, cancel and correct the cause of foot pain with their help. You can choose open-toed high heels to make the release of pressure on the area of inflammation. Hammertoes may have several causes, but most commonly come about due to muscle imbalances. The tendons pulling the toe inward may be stronger than the ones that pull the toe straight, thus resulting in a toe that's bumped up in the middle. Hammertoes (or a tendency to develop them) might have been something you inherited from your parents (or grandparents, or third cousins), although they may also be caused or exacerbated by wearing shoes that scrunch the toes up into a small space (i.e. shoes with tiny little toe boxes and/or high heels—the usual lineup of suspects). Running shoes are designed to provide more cushioning impact, shock absorption and heel control to the runners and joggers They are designed to prevent shin splints, tendonitis, heel pain, stress fractures and other overuse syndromes. Aerobic shoes need to be lightweight to allow for aerobic conditioning, shock absorption in the sole beneath the ball of the foot to prevent the foot fatigue and stress. for multiple reasons, but the best reason is that they make you walk silly. People walk funny, and either shuffle along or let the shoes loudly flop, flap, and slap the ground. Shuffling is not cool, and neither are the sounds that come with it. A hammertoe has a kink or contracture in its second joint-called the proximal interphalangeal joint-that causes the toe to bend upward in the middle, giving it a hammer-like appearance. The raised part of the toe often rubs on shoes, leading to the formation of corns or calluses. Usually hammertoe affects the smaller toes, causing pain and interfering with the ability to walk normally. Signs Here’s the kicker. They start off as a flexible deformity, meaning they can be reduced easily to normal position, but over time they become more rigid and unable to correct with manual reduction. Hammertoe surgery may be a treatment option if you have a severe hammertoe. A hammertoe is a contracture of the toe due to a muscle imbalance between the tendons on the top of the toe and the tendons on the bottom of the toe There are two types of hammertoes, a flexible hammertoe and a rigid hammertoe. Rigid hammertoes are more serious and can be seen in patients with severe arthritis. In rigid hammertoes the tendons have become tight and the joint misaligned and immobile making surgery the course of treatment.